How do hoverboards work?Nirmal
Hoverboards are also known as electric scooters, they look elegant when in use and many people wonder how they work. In this article, we explain how hoverboard functions and operates. Read on for the workings of the hoverboard.
Components of a hoverboard
A hoverboard has the following components;
- 2 wheels
- 2 motors
- 2 IR sensors
- 2 Gyroscopes
- 2 tilt/speed sensors
- A logic board
- A battery pack
- A power switch
- A plastic Shell
- A strong frame with a central steel pivot
- A charging port
The working of a hoverboard
Hoverboards are manufactured in such a manner that each wheel has its set of gyroscope, tilt sensor and speed sensor. These are placed below the frame of the hoverboard where the rider will place his/her feet. After the rider places his feet on the hoverboard, the gyroscope will provide data to the logic board when the rider tilts backward and forwards. When the rider does not tilt, the IR sensor gives the data to the logic board to not move the board and not engage the motor. This is how the pressure on the foot pads is sensed and how the scooters move.
When the hoverboard is tilted ahead or backward to a pre-defined angle, the data from the gyroscope is relayed to the logic board and the motor runs. This allows the wheels to rotate and the rider also moves ahead, the more the tilt, greater is the speed.
Each wheel interacts with its own gyroscope when turning. In order for a left turn, the rider will move his right foot forward and this moves only the right wheel whilst the motor of the left wheel is not engaged. This makes a left turn possible. The right turn is also carried out in a similar manner.
The Infra-Red sensors use infrared sensors to obtain the reflected data from the object to measure its distance and presence; these are used for many applications. The tilt and speed sensors will measure the speed of the wheel in RPM. This data is sent to the gyroscope and the logic board so that it can control the speed.
The logic board is the central processing unit of the hoverboard. It has a microprocessor and the microprocessor sends and receives data from all the onboard sensors. The logic board sends the processed data to the motors for the required compliant movement. Being on a hoverboard, continuous movement and adjustments are the order of things and the microprocessor is very fast, being able to receive and send data in a fraction of a second.
The continuous adjustments are done so that the rider is perfectly balanced on the hoverboard. His/ her tilt determines how fast the hoverboard is moving. The hoverboard’s speed sensors kick in if the hoverboard crosses the permitted speed limit and sends a warning to the rider to slow down.
Thus we can see that the function of the hoverboard is dependent on precise engineering and state of the art sensors. There are serious calculations and processes working in the background of a fun and lively activity like hoverboard riding.